Watermelon and its origin:
There are many large size fruits and watermelon is one of them. The origin of this fruit is Southern Africa. It has a quite large size and it has a thick green colored peel and the pulp is of red color with small seeds. The pulp is quite juicy and overall the fruit has no large calories. It has a lot of water and it is a good source of many important nutrients.
Watermelon nutrition facts:
This fruit is a complete package of nutrition and water. The fruit contains a lot of water so it is a beneficial fruit in the summer season and it can save you from the heat stroke. Two of the most important plant compounds which are quite nutritious for the body are “lycopene” and “citrulline”. Watermelon is a rich source of these two compounds.
Watermelon health benefits:
There are many other health benefits of watermelon. Eating them lowers the blood pressure. High blood pressure is a quite difficult problem for the patients and it can form the basis of many diseases. Eating watermelon reduces the blood pressure. Lower insulin sensitivity is another problem for the people and it leads to the condition called diabetes. Diabetes causes many other problems too like the slower healing of the injuries. This fruit also fights this problem and increase the insulin sensitivity of the body hence saving you from diabetes. A large amount of physical activity or the age factor can cause a problem in the muscles which is called muscle soreness. It creates difficulty in movement of the muscles and little bit pain too. This large fruit also saves us from the muscle soreness.
More about watermelon nutrition facts:
Now we will discuss the nutrition facts of the watermelon in detail. Let’s have a look at all of them:
1: An important topic of research studies due to a high amount of lycopene:
Watermelon is now a good topic of research for the scientists due to the presence of one of the most important plant compounds in it that is lycopene. It is an antioxidant which is quite powerful. Lycopene is also present in tomatoes and it is an essential nutrient for the body. Both watermelon and tomatoes are considered to have a high amount of lycopene present in them. It is from the family of carotenoid phytonutrient. The nutrient is important for maintaining the healthiness for the cardiovascular tissues. The importance of lycopene has been proved for the health of the heart.
In the other studies conducted on it, it was proved that this nutrient is also essential for the health of the bones as well. It is also an important source of Vitamin A because it is used in the making of beta-carotene in the body which is then used to make vitamin A. So the watermelon must be eaten to increase the blood level of lycopene.
2: An important amino acid-citrulline:
Amino acids are important for the body to maintain many important health processes in the body. Some amino acids are obtained are from food but there are some amino acids which are not present in the food and still, they are important to the body to sustain the important body functions. One such amino acid is citrulline. Watermelons are under research for their citrulline content. Citrulline content is quite high in them.
One of the most important uses of the citrulline in the body is done by the kidneys. Some other organs also use it. It is converted to a simpler amino acid arginine. The flesh of the fruit is quite rich in citrulline content and the quantity is up to 250mg per cup from the flesh. Arginine is essential for the smooth blood flow. It makes the flow smoother and particularly works to improve the health of the cardiovascular tissues. Cardiovascular health is important for the overall health of the body. A problem in the cardiovascular health causes many problems for the whole body.
3: Phenolic antioxidants:
A phenolic antioxidant is another important nutrient present in the watermelon. They are quite important for some body functions and the fruit must be eaten to ensure their supply to the body. Phenolic antioxidants ensure the health of the nervous system of the body. These antioxidants are used by the body in maintaining the system of a cell to cell signaling. A problem in this signaling can cause some diseases. They also help the body in maintaining the receptor sensitivity. Receptor sensitivity is an important body function to do the muscle movements and it is quite associated with the reflexes of the body. They also reduce the inflammation in the coronary heart disease.
4: Blood pressure:
We discussed one of the nutrients of the fruit called citrulline. As we discussed earlier that it is quite important for the body to sustain many important body functions. Same is the case of maintaining the blood pressure of the body.
Since we all know that high blood pressure causes a lot of problems. One of the fatal problems is the premature death. It can also cause some chronic diseases. As we mentioned earlier that the citrulline is converted to arginine, both of these amino acids are used for the formation of nitric oxide in the body.
Nitric oxide is an important gas molecule which dilates and relaxes the tiny muscles. These tiny muscles are present around the blood vessels. This relaxation of the tiny muscles causes the blood vessels to lower the blood pressure.
5: Important minerals:
Minerals are those nutrients which can’t be made by the body and they must be supplied to the body by the diet. One of the watermelon nutrition facts is that it also contains essential minerals. Two important minerals which are supplied by the watermelon are iron and zinc. Iron is important for blood cells and zinc is important for the immune system of the body to work properly. Zinc is also essential to the thyroid function of the body and its deficiency can cause problems.